Below the Lion Rock is a TV show about the lives of Hong Kong citizens. It is broadcast five times, each forming its own series, from 1974 to 1979, 1984 to 1988, 1990, 1992 to 1995, and 2006. Each series was a collection of unrelated stories produced by the RTHK, and depicted the life stories of different social strata set against backgrounds that are today part of Hong Kong history, such as the Shek Kip Mei fire that burnt down the slums, and the early immigrants from Mainland China. The stories showed the perceptions people had on the society back in those times. It was a very emotionally-moving series and was thus highly successful in ratings.
In the early 1970s, the show focused on one character "Uncle Tak" (德叔）portrayed by veteran Cantonese actor Leung Meng (良鸣）and his family moving into a new flat, it was only later did the producers started producing collections of unrelated stories
Directors of the series including several renowned Hong Kong directors such as Ann Hui, Allen Fong and Derek Yee.
Originally, the show was filmed in black and white, and each episode lasted only 15 minutes. It was later expanded to 30 minutes per episode. Starting 1978, each episode last 60 minutes. In May 2005, a new season consists of 10 episodes started to air on TVB Jade.